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Chapter Three

Spreading Democracy

The women behind the struggle for equal rights in America


Finished the chapter and want to learn more?

Explore primary source materials, image galleries, videos, a linked bibliography, and more.

Go back in time with these primary source materials

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Browse images, videos, stories and more in the Library of Congress exhibition "Shall Not Be Denied" about women fighting for the vote.

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Look through a collection of suffrage images and artifacts at the Smithsonian that includes banners, buttons, postcards, and more.

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Listen to interviews with influential women like Septima Poinsette Clark, as well as browse photos and documents on the digital SNCC gateway.

Explore "Women & American History" a resource for educators from the New York Historical Society

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Chapter Three Image Database

View every base image from Spreading Democracy and download them from archives like The Library of Congress, Smithsonian Open Access, and more

All Ages

Educator's Guide

Looking to use AMERICA REDUX with your students? This educator's guide includes pre-reading activities, discussion questions, extension activities, and more. 



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Article / The Indigenous Roots of Modern Feminism

This great piece about how influential Indigenous women were by Dina Gilio-Whitaker (Colville Confederated Tribes) inspired and grounded the framing for this chapter. 

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Article / How Native American Women Inspired the Women's Rights Movement

Gilio-Whitaker references Dr. Sally Roesch Wagner's work. In this piece, she describes Matilda Joslyn Gage writing with admiration about Haundenosaunee women.

Book / White Feminism: From the Suffragettes to Influencers and Who They Leave Behind

This book, by Koa Beck, examines the history of feminism, from the suffragists to the rise of corporate feminism, including the voices of all women along the way.

Book / Women, Race, & Class by Angela Davis

A classic book that weaves together a powerful history of the social and political influence of whiteness and elitism in feminism, from abolitionist days to the present.

Book / Vanguard: How Black Women Broke Barriers, Won the Vote, and Insisted on Equality for All

This book by historian Martha S. Jones writes about African American women's pursuit of political power — and how it transformed America.

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Article / Crip the Vote Hashtag Brings Attention to People with Disabilities

This Teen Vogue piece gives background to the #cripthevote hashtag and movement.

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Fact Sheet / Disability and Voter Turnout in the 2020 Elections

This Rutgers and U.S. Election Assistance Commission Fact Sheet outlines the data mentioned at the end of the chapter.

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