The women behind the struggle for equal rights in America
Finished the chapter and want to learn more?
Explore primary source materials, image galleries, videos, a linked bibliography, and more.
Go back in time with these primary source materials
Browse images, videos, stories and more in the Library of Congress exhibition "Shall Not Be Denied" about women fighting for the vote.
Look through a collection of suffrage images and artifacts at the Smithsonian that includes banners, buttons, postcards, and more.
Explore "Women & American History" a resource for educators from the New York Historical Society
Chapter Three Image Database
View every base image from Spreading Democracy and download them from archives like The Library of Congress, Smithsonian Open Access, and more
Article / The Indigenous Roots of Modern Feminism
This great piece about how influential Indigenous women were by Dina Gilio-Whitaker (Colville Confederated Tribes) inspired and grounded the framing for this chapter.
Article / How Native American Women Inspired the Women's Rights Movement
Gilio-Whitaker references Dr. Sally Roesch Wagner's work. In this piece, she describes Matilda Joslyn Gage writing with admiration about Haundenosaunee women.
Book / White Feminism: From the Suffragettes to Influencers and Who They Leave Behind
This book, by Koa Beck, examines the history of feminism, from the suffragists to the rise of corporate feminism, including the voices of all women along the way.
Book / Women, Race, & Class by Angela Davis
A classic book that weaves together a powerful history of the social and political influence of whiteness and elitism in feminism, from abolitionist days to the present.
Book / Vanguard: How Black Women Broke Barriers, Won the Vote, and Insisted on Equality for All
This book by historian Martha S. Jones writes about African American women's pursuit of political power — and how it transformed America.